- Many of China’s businesses hit hardest by the new coronavirus are still struggling because their workers haven’t returned, while many employees are getting wage cuts.Â
- The economic strain of the virus’ disruptions will likely cause 9 million people in China’s cities to lose their jobs this year, with about 60% in the services industry, estimates Dan Wang, analyst at The Economist Intelligence Unit.Â
- Â Food and beverage is one industry that is particularly affected by the lack of customer demand, and returned workers, analysts point out.
BEIJINGÂ â In an indication of how deep the economic shock of the new coronavirus is, many of China‘s hardest-hit businesses are still struggling because their workers haven’t returned. Meanwhile, many employees are getting their wages cut.Â
Officially called COVID-19, the disease that emerged in the city of Wuhan in late December has since spread around the world in aÂ global pandemicÂ that hasÂ killed more than 4,600 people worldwide.Â The majority of deaths so far have been in China, which extended a Lunar New Year holiday shutdown by at least a week in more than half of the country in an effort to limit the virus’ spread. Over a month later, the number of new cases has dropped drastically.Â
Still, local governments are keen toÂ prevent the highly contagious virus from re-emerging. Authorities have enacted strict, if sometimes confusing, measures to limit travel, quarantine visitors for 14 days and ensure people wear face masks when they go back to work.Â
The economic strain of the virus’ disruptions will likely cause 9 million people in China’s cities to lose their jobs this year, with about 60% of them from the services industry, estimates Dan Wang, analyst at The Economist Intelligence Unit.Â
For 18 million to 30 million people in urban areas, they will likely see wages cut by 30% to 50%, she said.Â
While state-owned companies and large industrial businesses have officially resumed work at a rate of around 90% or higher, small and medium-sized enterprises outside the virus’ epicenter of Hubei province have only resumed work at a rate of about 60%, China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said Friday.Â
For the smaller, privately-run businesses, that pick up in work is an improvement from just over 50% this time last week.Â
Travel restrictions and mandatory quarantines have made it difficult for many people to get back to work. Businesses still face problems such as the inability of people returning to work, as well as stalled logistics operations, Xin Guobin, the ministry’s deputy head told reporters, according to a CNBC translation of his Chinese remarks. He noted that small and medium-sized companies also lack capital and protective gear, while the resumption of work and production for businesses in the same supply chain are not in sync.
Within small businesses, one group the Chinese government has specifically talked up support for is the “80 million ‘household’ businesses that employ more than 200 million people nationwide.” New policies include tax cuts and special loan terms.
Among the 20 million enterprises in China’s food and beverage industry, more than 95% of them fall into that “household business” category, according to analysis released this week by Qichacha, which runs a business information database.Â
These restaurants, bars and other eateries have felt the most immediate impact of the virus, many analysts point out. Anecdotally, even as Beijing’s streets get busier by the day, there are still many stretchesÂ of closed storefronts, mostly restaurants. The municipal government has banned large group meals, and many restaurants that have managed to open are only allowed to seat two or three people together.Â